The Effect of Small And Micro Enterprises On Women Economic Empowerment In Kenya: A Case Of Naivaisha District
By Jonh Kaniaru Mwangi
The main purpose of the study was to establish the effects of SMEs on women economic empowerment in Naivasha district Kenya. The specific objectives of the study were to examine how economic empowerment of women in Kenya is affected by women-owned agri-business, group saving and loaning, and women owned Jua Kali enterprises. A descriptive design was used to explore possible causes. The researcher also adopted qualitative and quantitative research data analysis methods. The sample size was 200 respondents. The researcher also used questionnaires, interviews, observation and documentary analysis data collection methods. From the study it was found out that majority of women were engaged in business ventures although they have not been trained on business establishment and management. They get their capital to start their agri business from VSLA groups where they are members. Kenyan government has helped women to run their agri business by financing them through women fund kitty set. Women SMEs are the main source of livelihoods for women in the district. Jua Kali business is very critical in the district. Entrepreneurial capacity building is helping these women to diversify their business ideas as well as their business opportunities. Insecurity in the area also affects women engaged in business enterprises. Recommendations out of the study including Kenyan government employing more security personnel to guard place; capacity building for women entrepreneurs; promotion of VSLA methodology; and formulation of favorable policies to promote Jua Kali businesses. Areas suggested for further study including assessing factors that cause failures among women run small and micro enterprises to understand the obstacles that the micro-entrepreneurs experience, resulting to poor performance and also establish problems faced by micro-client group dynamics to improve group operations and benefit maximization.